Vacuum Tube Sound for the 21st Century

Mapletree Audio Design offers a unique range of products designed and hand crafted by Dr. Lloyd Peppard and Dr. Al Freundorfer, both electrical engineering professors. Our goal is to foster the enjoyment of recorded music through the use of vacuum tube amplification and signal processing, offered at a reasonable price. 

Click on the above tubes for more information

Quick Find:    Preamplifiers      Power Amplifiers     Headphone Amplifiers    Routers and Switches  



Line 2C Line Preamplifier (contact Lloyd Peppard for more information)
Review of Line 2B SE by Tim Smith at wall of sound.

Customer feedback

Line 2CRM and PS 2C with black oak side panels shown

• Premium passive components include polypropylene film coupling capacitors and Alps volume control.
• Optimized circuitry for lowest distortion and noise.
• 3 inputs, 2 outputs, volume and balance controls.
• 2 x 12SN7GT with switch for 6SN7GTB tubes.
• Separate PS 2D power supply included.

Line 2C RM available with Bent Audio/Alps remote volume control (below).  

Also available—Line 2C HT with Home Theatre bypass. A separate toggle switch routes whatever input is selected to the output completely isolated from the preamp circuitry (preamp can be powered off).


Ultra 4C Phono/Line Preamplifier  (contact Lloyd Peppard for more information)

Customer feedback


• Premium passive components include polypropylene film coupling capacitors and Alps volume control.
 • 48 dB phono gain, three 18 dB line inputs, two line outputs.
• Volume and Balance controls.
• 2 x 12SN7GT (switchable fo
r 6SN7GTB) and 2 x 12SC7.
• Separate PS 2D power supply included.

 Ultra 4C RM available with Bent Audio/Alps remote volume control.
 Phono 3C Phono Preamplifier (contact Lloyd Peppard for more information)


For a number of years, customers have asked about a separate phono preamplifier that embodies the characteristics of the phono stage of the Ultra 4. The Ultra 4 is really a phono preamp with line inputs, volume/balance controls, and source selector switch. The phono gain of the Ultra 4 is around 48 dB which is suitable for MM cartridges driving a typical tube or solid-state power amplifier. The Phono 3C preamplifier incorporates the low-level gain and equalization stages of the Ultra 4C without the output b
uffer and with around 10 dB less gain. Thus, it is suited to drive the line input of a preamp or integrated amplifier that can supply the additional 5-10 dB of gain required. The Phono  3C output has a driving impedance of around 2.5 kOhms, which can drive a reasonable length of interconnect without compromising the high frequency response. Noise at full output is less than 2 mV. Like the other Mapletree preamps, the Phono 3C is designed to use a separate power supply. Normally, for stand-alone use, this is the compact PSX unit shown. However, the Phono 3C is fitted with an extra power jack on the rear panel (not shown in the photo above) to permit connection of the PS 2D power supply to both the Phono 3C and Line 2C preamps without any modification. Two switched phono inputs are provided, which can be ordered with custom loading specs. Details and full specifications can be viewed by downloading the User's Manual from the "Users Manuals" page.         


SugarMaple BB (Black Buff) Line Level Buffer Stage (contact Al Freundorfer for more information)

Layout designed to facilitate tube rolling.


Sweeten the sonics of your DAC or other digital source with the Black Buff  line stage. It features unity gain, 50K input impedance, less than 500 Ohms output impedance, and includes  a volume control and heater voltage switch for use of either a 6SN7GT or 12SN7GT tube (supplied). Download the User's Manual  for complete specs.


Stealth Max Monobloc Power Amplifier  (contact Lloyd Peppard for more information)
Delivers 50 W with KT88s running class AB1 ultra-linear with fixed bias. Includes a triode mode switch. Built on a stainless steel Dynaco Mk III chassis  with Mullard  topology driver circuitry (6SJ7 voltage amplifier and 6SN7GT long-tail phase inverter), Dynaco spec output and power transformers, premium passive components, and a very stiff power supply, the sonics are effortless and open, espescially noticeable on high level transients.


Stealth Max system with custom passive stereo attenuator for use without active preamp

Super Stealth+ Monobloc Power Amplifier (contact Lloyd Peppard for more information)

The Super Stealth+ monobloc power amplifier features proven Mullard driver circuitry and a 30 W power output using EL34 tubes. Please note
that the styling is not exactly as shown. Normal chassis color is black, with wood side panels to match other Mapletree products.


Tube complement: 12SJ7/12SJ7GT, 12SC7, 2 x EL34 matched pair
Rectifier: full-wave solid state with ultra high-speed silicon diodes
Output configuration: Class AB1 ultra-linear push-pull with self bias (EL34 matched pair
Driver circuit topology: Mullard type with pentode voltage amplifier (12SJ7) and
cathode-coupled phase inverter (12SN7)
Rated power output (8 Ohms): 30 W
Frequency response at 1 W output: 20 Hz–20 kHz –0.5 dB
Gain: 27 dB (22.2) or 0.7 V input for 30 W output
Input resistance: 100 kOhms with input level control
Output resistance: < 1 Ohm
Noise: < 0.7 mV (87 dB below rated output)
Dimensions: 6"W x 11" D x 6" H overall
Weight: 15 lb

User's Manual download (pdf)


A comparison of the Mapletree/SugarMaple headphone amplifiers

Ear+ HD Headphone Amplifier (contact Lloyd Peppard for more information)

"Now I have to listen to all my CDs all over again. I have a decent stereo system but with the Ear+ it sounds like a $20,000 setup".

Reviews Customer feedback

• Outstanding performance with a wide range of headphone impedances and drive requirements.
• 2 x 12B4A NOS and 1 x 5751/12AX7/ECC83 tubes.
• High and low impedance headhone jacks.
• Premium passive components include Panasonic polypropylene output capacitors and Alps volume control.
• Ultra high-speed rectifier diodes.
• Line source output or passive preamp output.
• Dual switched source inputs.

• Available with red/black/white/yellow/blue/green chassis top with maple or oak side panels.
• Dimensions: 6" x 10" footprint x 5" tall
• Weight: 8 lb

SugarMaple OD300 Headphone Amplifier (contact Al Freundorfer for more information)

The SugarMaple line is developed by Dr. Al Freundorfer.  The OD300 (Octal Duo) Headphone Amplifier employs an all-octal tue lineup including a 6080 (6AS7G equivalent) output and a 6SL7GT triode driver stage. Polypropylene output caps are standard and circuit refinements ensure a perfectly flat frequency response from 20 Hz to 20000 kHz. The high output power (over 1 W into 16 Ohms!) and low driving impedance of the 6AS7G easily handle any headphone sensitivity and impedance characteristic. For more details and complete specifications, you can download the User's Manual.
"The OD300 sounds great after settling in and combines musical dynamism with a lovely euphonic quality."

Latest custom review of the SugarMaple OD300.


SugarMaple Sidewinder
Headphone Amplifier
(contact Al Freundorfer for more information)

  Customer feedback on the SugarMaple Sidewinder.

Features ultra-low output impedance and ample opportunity for tube rolling
with new and NOS 6DJ8 and 12AX7 tubes and variants. For more details,
download the User's Manual.


SugarMaple Viper
Headphone Amplifier
(contact Al Freundorfer for more information)

This is the latest evolution of the SugarMaple line of headphone amplifiers and is designed for high impedance headphones
 (such as Sennheiser HD600-850). It is output transfomerless! Inquire for more details.

Engineered To Order (ETO) Routers (contact Al Freundorfer for more information)

Note: Images are shown for example only. Chassis and layout are selected to meet specific customer requirements.

Customers often have specific requirements that can be met with custom features and/or modifications to existing Mapletree products. Usually, these can be accommodated at nominal extra cost. The most modifiable components are those disigned to route signals and/or reconfigure system components, namely the LR 1 Line Router, the SP 1 Amplifier/Speaker Selector, and the SCC 1 System Configuration Controller. Here is a brief summary of what is available. More information can be obtained from the Branches 7 Newsletter.

LR 1 Line Router - The standard version is designed to switch one of up to three input stereo signals to one of up to three outputs. Other configurations are available to handle up to 6 inputs and/or outputs. Chassis sizes are chosen to accommodate the required I/O connections. As with all the Mapletree switching components, RCA jacks are high quality gold plated with inside and outside hex nuts, switches are Lorlin or C&K enclosed rotary types with silver-plated contacts, and wiring is silver-plated stranded copper with Teflon insulation.

Custom LR 1 for phono cartridge switching (4 inputs/2 outputs)

LR 1 Pro Line Router -
This is a balanced signal version of the LR 1. The standard model can switch up to  3 inputs and 3 outputs. Additional I/O can be accommodated using special multi-deck rotary switches. XLR connectors are Neutrik gold-plated type with locking tabs on the female version.

Custom LR 1 Pro with 4 inputs and one output.             

"I received the switch [LR 1 Pro] today and it is exactly what I wanted and works perfectly - no noise at all when switching. I have bypassed my preamp for my DAC and LPs and have a sonic improvement".

SP 1 Amplifier/Speaker Selector
- The simplest (standard) version switches the stereo output of a power amplifier to one of two (or both) speaker systems. A typical modification is the addition of a switch for one or more amplifier outputs. All switches handling amplifier output or speaker connections are high-current rated versions of those employed in the LR 1 line router
  All amplifier inputs are terminated with 500 Ohm resistors and binding posts are heavy-duty 5-way dual units. A simplified schematic representation of the I/O and switching functions as printed on the top of the chassis.

Custom SP 1 switching 3 amplifiers to one or more of 3 speaker systems

SCC 1 System Configuration Controller - This is a custom combination of the LR 1 and SP 1 that allows switching of several sources to one or more preamps or headphone amplifier, preamp outputs to one or more power amplifier inputs, and power amplifier outputs to one or more speaker systems. 

"[The SCC 1 is] simple elegant and effective. Does exactly what I needed it to do and has significantly reduced the effort involved in switching between components. Just a wonderful product".

Custom SCC 1 that handles 3 sources, two preamps, a headphone amplifier, 2 power amplifiers, and 3 speaker systems. Chassis ia 6" x 17" x 3".


For more information or to place an order, please telephone or email Lloyd Peppard or Al Freundorfer as referenced for each product or refer to price list tab

Telephone: (613) 387-3830

Email contacts:

Lloyd Peppard:

Al Freundorfer:

Mapletree Audio Design
158 Seabrooke Rd
R.R. 1, Seeley's Bay, Ontario, Canada K0H 2N0

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